Wednesday, July 23, 2014

Philippians Week 25-The Glorious Lordship of Christ

July 23, 2014

Introduction
-“Eight days later, his disciples were inside again, and Thomas was with them. Although the doors were locked, Jesus came and stood among them and said, “Peace be with you.” Then he said to Thomas, “Put your finger here, and see my hands; and put out your hand, and place it in my side. Do not disbelieve, but believe.” Thomas answered him, “My Lord and my God!” Jesus said to him, “Have you believed because you have seen me? Blessed are those who have not seen and yet have believed.” (John 20:26-29 ESV)

Philippians 2:11

Context
-In the Roman world, particularly in the imperial cults, Roman Caesars were thought as divine and were to be worshipped as divine. Not only where they considered divine, they were also thought as the saviors of Rome, according to Josephus. Therefore, Paul’s message in 1 Corinthians 8:5-6 challenged the divine status of Caesar, for Scripture declares there to be only one God, Lord, and Savior.

Verse 11
and every tongue confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.
1. The Universal Proclamation

-“Tongue” (γλῶσσα) refers to the human tongue speaking in a language.
-God created human language in the beginning of time. (Genesis 1:3; Psalm 33:6; Psalm 33:9)
-The world spoke one language up until the Lord interjected many languages at the Tower of Babel. (Genesis 11:1-9)
-In Scripture, the word “tongue” refers to the action of speaking audibly. (Luke 1:64; 1 Corinthians 14:9; 1 Peter 3:10)
-God holds men accountable to every word their tongues utter. (Matthew 12:36-37;
-What men utter has powerful ramifications for what fruit results in their lives and in the lives of others. (Proverbs 18:21;
-Men either reveal themselves to be regenerate or unregenerate based upon what their tongues proclaim. (Proverbs 12:13; Proverbs 13:2; Matthew 12:37)
-The action of speaking audibly comes from what is residing in the hearts of men. (Matthew 12:34; Matthew 15:18; Luke 6:45)
-One day in the future, the Lord promises to change the language of men to a pure speech in a reversal of the Tower of Babel during His Kingly reign. (Zephaniah 3:9-10; Zephaniah 3:15)
-“Confess” (ἐξομολογήσηται) means “to speak out the same” and refers to vocal, public recognition of a truth to be heralded before all men.
-Confessing in this context means to acknowledge publicly before an audience—usually, the audience is God Himself. (Luke 10:21; Romans 15:9; Revelation 3:5)
-For believers, confession is the vocal declaration of belief and faith in Christ and repentance of sins. (Romans 10:9-10; 1 Corinthians 12:3)
-For unbelievers, confessing Jesus as the Christ is simply a recognition of who He is, in spite of the persistent unbelief in Him and refusal to submit to Him as Lord. (Matthew 7:21-23; Luke 6:46; Titus 1:16)
-During Jesus’ earthly ministry, even the powers of darkness confessed openly as to who He was and is. (Matthew 8:28-29; Mark 1:23-24)
-In Heaven, the redeemed, the angels, and the elders in Heaven are constantly confessing as to the nature and person of Christ. (Revelation 5:8-9; Revelation 15:1-4)
-In human history, men and women of God confessed that Jesus Christ is Lord, and all those who will be saved prior to Jesus’ second coming will confess Him as Lord. (Psalm 40:3; 1 John 4:15)
-During Jesus’ earthly reign as King in all the earth, all the inhabitants of the world will confess Him as Lord. (Psalm 22:27; Micah 4:1; Habakkuk 2:14)
-At the Great White Throne judgment, all men throughout all of history will confess, both believers and unbelievers, that Jesus Christ is Lord. (Romans 14:9)
2. The Supreme Lord
-“Lord” (ΚΥΡΙΟΣ) is the Greek word kyrios, which was used in Greek and Roman culture to be an appellation of respect, a title for a master of slaves, or a confession of supreme authority, divinity, and majesty. In the Septuagint, which was used extensively by Jesus and the apostles in quoting the Old Testament, kyrios is the Greek word used to translate the Hebrew Yahweh (יְהוָ֣ה) and is used to refer to God’s supremely exalted, glorious, sovereign, authoritative, and majestic name.
-“Jesus Christ is Lord” (ΚΥΡΙΟΣ ΙΗΣΟΥΣ ΧΡΙΣΤΟΣ) is capitalized in the Westcott and Hort and Nestle texts.
-“And every tongue shall confess that Yeshua The Messiah is THE LORD JEHOVAH to the glory of God his Father.”—Aramaic Bible in Plain English
-“And that every tongue should confess that JESUS CHRIST is LORD, to the glory of God the Father.”—Weymouth New Testament
-In Rome, Roman citizens were required under pain of criminal penalty to confess two words: “Kaiser Kurios”, or “Caesar is Lord” (ΚΥΡΙΟΣ Καίσαρι). In the first century A.D., the cult of imperial worship grew very strong, which led to a widespread exaltation of Caesar as both divine and as supreme lord. To deny this was an offense punishable by death, and many in the early church died in the arenas torn apart by wild beasts or crucified because they would not confess “Kaiser Kurious” (“Caesar is Lord”), but rather “KYRIOS IESOUS CHRISTOS” (“Jesus Christ is Lord”). Polycarp, the disciple of the apostle John and the second-century elder of Smyrna, was brought before the Roman authorities and commanded to confess that Caesar was Lord. Polycarp refused, declaring that Jesus Christ is Lord, and he was subsequently burned to death in a Roman arena as a result.
-As Lord, Jesus Christ possesses the supreme title of Yahweh. (John 8:23-24; John 11:25; John 14:6)
-As Lord, Jesus Christ is the first and the last. (Isaiah 44:6; Revelation 1:17-18; Revelation 2:8)
-As Lord, Jesus Christ is the King who reigns over all. (Psalm 93:10; Psalm 96:10; Psalm 97:1)
-As Lord, Jesus Christ is the only Savior of men. (Isaiah 43:11; Hosea 13:4; Matthew 6:16-17)
-As Lord, Jesus Christ is the One who commands our worship. (Psalm 41:13; Psalm 99:1-3; Psalm 150:6)
-As Lord, Jesus Christ is the only God among all those throughout history claiming to be gods. (2 Kings 19:15-19)
-As Lord, Jesus Christ is the One who speaks with the voice of God. (Lamentations 3:27; Matthew 7:28-29; John 7:45-46)
-As Lord, Jesus Christ is the One who judges the living and the dead. (Acts 10:42; 2 Timothy 4:1; 1 Peter 4:4-5)
-As Lord, Jesus Christ is supremely sovereign among the affairs of human history. (Psalm 135:6; Proverbs 16:9; Proverbs 19:21)
-As Lord, Jesus Christ is the One with whom we shall reign forever and ever. (1 Chronicles 29:11-12; Romans 8:17)
3. The Glorious God
-“Glory” (δόξαν) refers to the honor, splendor, renown, and majesty of God.
-Julius Caesar had a temple built to glorify him because some in Rome thought of him as divine. In 44 B.C., the people of Rome thought that the appearance of a comet was thought as Julius’ soul rising into the assembly of the gods. He was voted as a member of the pantheon of the gods by the Roman Senate after his death. Caesar Augustus instituted a sacrificial system in order to deify himself, and he declared that he was the “son of god” during his lifetime. He also was voted as a member of the divine pantheon after his death. Caligula, Nero, and Domitian—three of the worst emperors in Roman history—mandated that they be recognized as divine so as to bring honor and glory to themselves.
-Only God is truly glorious, and He will not yield His glory to any other. (Psalm 66:2; Isaiah 42:8-11)
-God possesses supreme renown over those who would claim such renown for themselves. (Deuteronomy 33:26; Psalm 22:23)
-God possesses absolute splendor, in contrast to the Roman cults that proclaimed Caesar to be glorious over all. (Psalm 68:4; Isaiah 42:12)
-God’s majesty is unmatched by anybody and is unparalleled by anyone throughout all of time. (Exodus 15:11; Psalm 8:1; Psalm 83:18)
-All that Christ did during His earthly ministry was to bring glory to His father. (John 12:27-28; John 15:8)
-Christ’s supremacy brings supreme glory to His Father as His Father’s exaltation of Him makes the Son supremely glorious. (John 8:54; Hebrews 1:1-6; Hebrews 5:4-5)
-All that God the Son will do at His second coming will glorify God the Father. (1 Corinthians 15:28)
-The glory of God is the ultimate reason as to why everything exists and occurs. (Revelation 4:11)          
-The Father is most glorified when His Son is supremely exalted above every name and is made the focus of our worship.

Conclusion
-“For thus says the LORD, who created the heavens (he is God!), who formed the earth and made it (he established it; he did not create it empty, he formed it to be inhabited!): “I am the LORD, and there is no other. I did not speak in secret, in a land of darkness; I did not say to the offspring of Jacob, ‘Seek me in vain.’ I the LORD speak the truth; I declare what is right. “Assemble yourselves and come; draw near together, you survivors of the nations! They have no knowledge who carry about their wooden idols, and keep on praying to a god that cannot save. Declare and present your case; let them take counsel together! Who told this long ago? Who declared it of old? Was it not I, the LORD? And there is no other god besides me, a righteous God and a Savior; there is none besides me. “Turn to me and be saved, all the ends of the earth! For I am God, and there is no other. By myself I have sworn; from my mouth has gone out in righteousness a word that shall not return: ‘To me every knee shall bow, every tongue shall swear allegiance.’ “Only in the LORD, it shall be said of me, are righteousness and strength; to him shall come and be ashamed all who were incensed against him. In the LORD all the offspring of Israel shall be justified and shall glory.” (Isaiah 45:18-25 ESV)


Handout
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B2MJbdnrDPMDQnY4cjNIR1RjbUZNYUFOdmtmd3U5SUlxZl84/edit?usp=sharing

Thursday, July 17, 2014

Philippians Week 24-The Coronation of Christ

July 16, 2014

Introduction

-“Then I looked, and I heard around the throne and the living creatures and the elders the voice of many angels, numbering myriads of myriads and thousands of thousands, saying with a loud voice, “Worthy is the Lamb who was slain, to receive power and wealth and wisdom and might and honor and glory and blessing!” And I heard every creature in heaven and on earth and under the earth and in the sea, and all that is in them, saying, “To him who sits on the throne and to the Lamb be blessing and honor and glory and might forever and ever!” And the four living creatures said, “Amen!” and the elders fell down and worshiped.” (Revelation 5:11-14 ESV)

Philippians 2:10

Context
-The system of monarchy first developed in human history under Nimrod in Genesis 10:9-10, and his kingdom spawned much of the evil in the world that would manifest itself later in other kingdoms and religions in human history.
-The government of a monarchy existed before the time of Abraham in Mesopotamia. Israel did not have a human king until long after other kings and kingdoms had come and gone in the earth at that time.
-In the beginning of Rome’s history, kings ruled from circa 750-509 B.C. A Roman king had all supreme rights of legal, military, and decretive authority in the kingdom. He served as the chief priest, and he alone had the supposed right to mediate for the gods on behalf of the people. Only laws which he decided to introduce to Roman government could be introduced for legal discussion, and he alone had the sole power to pass or strike down laws.
-During the days of the Roman Republic in 509-27 B.C., Rome changed from absolute power by a kingly figure into a structured government with a Senate and two Consuls who oversaw the government. Civil wars erupted during the end of the Republic, as Julius Caesar declared himself the dictator over the Republic in 44 B.C.
-Upon the occasion of Julius Caesar’s assassination, the Roman Republic ended and the Roman Empire began. The Roman Senate granted   Octavian the right to be known as Augustus. Caesar Augustus did not fashion himself into a king as had occurred hundreds of years before, but did fashion himself as the “leading citizen” with himself being the Emperor. In the days of Paul’s first Roman imprisonment, Nero was the Emperor. Prior to Nero, Augustus, Tiberius, Caligula, and Claudius were the supreme emperors of the Roman Empire.

Verse 10
so that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, in heaven and on earth and under the earth,
1. A King of Majesty
-“Name” (ὀνόματι) is that used in verse 9, which states Paul had in mind more than simply the personal label of Jesus, but rather the name which encompasses His total being, nature, actions, and decrees.
-Many kings in history strove to make their names exalted throughout all time through their various deeds, but only one Name remains supreme as the exalted King throughout the ages. (Psalm 135:3).
-The coming King was prophesied in Scripture as possessing this eternally supreme name. (Psalm 72:17-19)
-In Scripture, many kings pitted the power of their names against the name of God, but never prevailed. (Exodus 5:1-2; Exodus 7:17; 2 Chronicles 32:13-15; Isaiah 37:23; Isaiah 37:28-29)
-God uses His personal name to command the highest form of respect, reverence, and awe. (Genesis 17:1; Psalm 46:10; Jeremiah 32:17)
-As King, God uses His Name as the reason for His decrees. (Genesis 28:13; Genesis 35:11; Genesis 46:3)
-As King, God uses His Name as the assurance that His royal will shall be accomplished. (Isaiah 14:24; Isaiah 41:4; Isaiah 46:9-10)
-In Scripture, it was continuously prophesied that the greatest King of all would come from the tribe of Judah (Genesis 49:10) and the house of David. (Matthew 15:22; Matthew 20:30; Mark 10:47)
-Jesus acknowledged that He was King even during His humble state as the Slave of God and the Servant of Man. (Matthew 27:11; Mark 15:2; John 18:37)
-In Scripture, Jesus is expressly stated as the great high King above all kings. (1 Timothy 1:16-17; 1 Timothy 6:13-14)
2. A King of Authority
-“Every knee will bow” was an act of homage in the presence of a king or ruler. It was done in the presence of majesty and authority, acknowledging the power and the presence of a king or sovereign.
-Bowing in Scripture was done out of fear for one’s life (Genesis 33:3; Genesis 42:6), in the admittance of defeat (Exodus 11:4-9), fear in the presence of mighty power (Luke 24:4-5),
-Bowing in Scripture was also done as an act of high respect for an individual (Exodus 18:7; 1 Samuel 24:8), true humility at the graciousness of a person’s actions (Ruth 2:8-10), and recognition of the presence of majesty (1 Chronicles 21:21).
-Bowing in Scripture was to be done only to the name of the Lord (2 Kings 17:36; Psalm 95:3) and not in worship of any other name. (Exodus 20:4-5)
-Bowing in the Old Testament was done in the presence of the pre-incarnate Christ and the angels of God. (Genesis 18:2; Genesis 19:1; Numbers 22:31)
-Bowing in the Old Testament was done as an act of worship in recognizing the majesty of God’s deeds. (Exodus 4:31; 2 Chronicles 20:18)
-Bowing in the Old Testament would occur whenever God’s people encountered His manifest presence. (Genesis 17:3; Joshua 5:13-15; Ezekiel 1:28)
-The godly men and women of Israel would all bow the knee before the Lord, the great high King. (1 Kings 8:54; 2 Chronicles 29:30; Nehemiah 8:6)
-Scripture foretold a day in which all men would bow before the great King who had come to reign over all. (Psalm 22:29; Psalm 72:9)
-In Scripture, Jesus prophesied that one day all knees would bow before Him, recognizing Him to be King and Lord over all. (Isaiah 45:22-23; Romans 14:11)
3. A King of Heaven
-“Heaven” (ἐπουρανίων) is the abode of God Himself along with His cohorts of innumerable angels.
-Heaven is where God reigns over all of time and space. (Psalm 11:4; Psalm 47:8; Psalm 103:19)
-The throne room of God possesses supreme power and glory unparalleled to the abode of any other king that ever was, is or will be. (Daniel 7:9; Revelation 4:1-6)
-Heaven is the abode of the angels who were created by God. (Daniel 7:10; Hebrews 12:22; Revelation 5:11)
-Heaven is the abode of the redeemed of God bought by His blood and saved by His grace. (Psalm 20:6; Revelation 14:13)
-Heaven is the place where we will reign forever with God and bow before Him, confessing Christ to be our Lord. (1 Peter 1:4-5)
-Heaven is far exalted above the earth, for God is far exalted above man. (Job 22:12; Isaiah 33:5;
-Christ’s Kingdom in Heaven was conferred on Him by God His Father. (Luke 22:29)
-Christ’s Kingdom in Heaven exists because it is prepared by the Father and the Son. (Matthew 25:34; John 14:2-3; Luke 12:32)
-Christ’s Kingdom in Heaven is supreme over all the kingdoms of the earth. (Psalm 66:7)
-Christ’s Kingdom in Heaven can never be shaken, unlike the kingdoms of the earth. (Psalm 10:16; Psalm 145:13)
-In Heaven, everyone will bow down to worship God and Jesus Christ. (Revelation 4:9-11; Revelation 19:4-5)
4. A King of Earth
-“Earth” (ἐπιγείων) refers directly to the planet Earth.
-In Scripture, it was foretold that God would exalt Jesus as the supreme King over all the earth. (Psalm 89:26-27)
-King Jesus is the One who gives the kingdoms of the world to those He so chooses to make kings and rulers on earth. (Colossians 1:16; Daniel 4:17)
-King Jesus is the One who possesses all authority over all kings, rulers, authorities, and powers on earth. (Matthew 28:18; Proverbs 8:15)
-King Jesus is the One whose Word is exalted over the word of any other earthly ruler. (Ecclesiastes 8:4; Daniel 4:35; Psalm 119:89)
-King Jesus is the One who is sovereign over all the kings and rulers of the earth. (Proverbs 21:1; Ezra 6:22)
-King Jesus is the One who we look to as we submit to the authorities He has established as they submit to His Law. (Romans 13:1; Proverbs 24:21; Titus 3:1-2)
-King Jesus is the One whom we hope in when we live under kings and rulers who do not submit to His Law. (Psalm 2:10-12; Psalm 119:119; Daniel 2:21)
-In Scripture, it is foretold that Christ’s Kingdom will one day be not only over the earth, but in and among all the earth—where we will reign with Him. (Isaiah 2:1-5; Revelation 11:15)
-Scripture promises that all the redeemed of the Lord will reign with Him in His earthly Kingdom. (Daniel 7:27; Revelation 5:9-10)
-One day, the Kingdom of Heaven will be manifested as every knee on earth will bow in Christ’s earthly Kingdom. (Psalm 72:9-11; Psalm 86:8-9; Revelation 15:4)
-One day, all the kings and rulers of the earth will bow before King Jesus as the supreme King in all the earth. (Psalm 72:11; Psalm 102:21-22)
-One day, Christ the Lord will return to reign in Jerusalem (Jeremiah 3:17; Ezekiel 43:6-9; Zechariah 14:8-9) when the people of Israel will be drawn back to their rightful King. (Psalm 149:2; Acts 1:6-7)
5. A King of All
-“Under the earth” (καταχθονίων) refers to those who have died.
-In secular Greek society, the term “under the earth” referred to the underworld. There was much in the way of Greek mythology connected with it. Paul uses it, however, to refer to the fact that in the Christian worldview of the afterlife, everyone will bow their knee before the King of kings and Lord of Lords.
-In their lifetimes, many will not submit to the Lordship of Christ. (Romans 8:7; 1 John 2:4)
-Throughout history, many kings and kingdoms did not acknowledge Christ as the high King whom they acknowledged. (Psalm 79:6; Jeremiah 10:25)
-Christ will judge those kings and kingdoms that refuse to bow to Him as King when He returns. (Psalm 110:5; Zephaniah 3:8; Joel 3:2; Haggai 2:22)
-In Scripture, it is told that Jesus Christ will judge everyone at the end of human history. (Acts 10:42; 2 Timothy 4:1; 1 Peter 4:5)
-All men throughout all of history, both redeemed and unredeemed, while stand before the throne of God and bow before Christ in acknowledging Him as the only exalted King over all. (Revelation 20:11-13)
-The unredeemed of the Lord will bow before Him in great fear, knowing that their lives are forfeit. (Revelation 21:8) They will bow in full admittance that their rebellion has been defeated by a Holy God, who are terrified in the presence of the King they had never believed or submitted to in their lifetime. (2 Thessalonians 1:9)
-The redeemed of the Lord will bow before Him, rejoicing in His grace that brought them safely home, worshipping His majesty, acknowledging Christ to be the only King and Savior of them all. (2 Timothy 4:18)

Conclusion
-“Therefore, having this ministry by the mercy of God, we do not lose heart. But we have renounced disgraceful, underhanded ways. We refuse to practice cunning or to tamper with God's word, but by the open statement of the truth we would commend ourselves to everyone's conscience in the sight of God. And even if our gospel is veiled, it is veiled to those who are perishing. In their case the god of this world has blinded the minds of the unbelievers, to keep them from seeing the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God. For what we proclaim is not ourselves, but Jesus Christ as Lord, with ourselves as your servants for Jesus' sake. For God, who said, “Let light shine out of darkness,” has shone in our hearts to give the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ.” (2 Corinthians 4:1-6 ESV)


Recordings
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Handout
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B2MJbdnrDPMDVTR5TFRiU0NKcnFvVGVsMUQ3LURkZFdfYWFJ/edit?usp=sharing

Wednesday, July 09, 2014

Philippians Week 23-The Exaltation of Christ

June 9, 2014
Introduction
-“He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of all creation. For by him all things were created, in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or authorities—all things were created through him and for him. And he is before all things, and in him all things hold together. And he is the head of the body, the church. He is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead, that in everything he might be preeminent. For in him all the fullness of God was pleased to dwell, and through him to reconcile to himself all things, whether on earth or in heaven, making peace by the blood of his cross.” (Colossians 1:15-20 ESV)

Philippians 2:9

Context
-In Philippians 1:21-24, Paul declared that Christ is exalted as infinite gain in the face of death, while discipling others is a profound joy in the face of life. Paul therefore spoke of the joy in discipling others in verses 25-26, which led him under the inspiration of the Spirit to detail exhortations to the Philippians in the midst of his hopeful return.
-Paul used Jesus Christ as the supreme example of his series of exhortations, and he made the point in Philippians 2:5-8 that Christ, being eternally God, became Man in order to be the obedient Slave of Yahweh, which led Him to incomprehensible humiliation in His first coming, leading up to His death on the Cross.

Verse 9
Therefore God has highly exalted him and bestowed on him the name that is above every name,
1. A Supreme God
-“Therefore” indicates that Paul was referring back to Philippians 2:5-8 in contrasting Christ’s humiliation with His exaltation.
-In Christ’s first advent on earth, the Father directed Him to do His divine bidding, because of the willingness of the Son. (John 5:19; John 5:30; John 6:38; John 8:28)
-Because the Son offered Himself as a sacrifice on the Cross, God poured out His wrath on His Son so that the Son might be the Savior of men. (1 John 2:1-2; 1 John 4:10)
-The Father stated very clearly that He loved the Son very greatly while His Son was on earth. (Matthew 3:17; Mark 9:7; Luke 9:35)
-The Son stated very clearly that He loved the Father while He was on earth. (John 17:25;
-God looks with divine favor on those who are crushed in spirit. (Psalm 34:18; Isaiah 57:15; Isaiah 66:2)
-God looks with divine favor on those who are persecuted for His name’s sake. (Matthew 5:10-11; 1 Peter 2:23; 1 Peter 4:14)
-God looks with divine favor on those who humble themselves under His mighty hand.
-God will exalt those who humble themselves before Him. (Proverbs 29:23;
-God is supreme over His creation. (Deuteronomy 10:14; Nehemiah 9:6; Isaiah 40:26)
-God is supreme over all of mankind. (Isaiah 40:17; Psalm 95:6; Psalm 100:3)
-God is supreme above all those which men would falsely believe to be gods. (1 Kings 8:60; 1 Kings 18:38-39; Isaiah 40:18)
-God is supreme above all rulers and authorities on earth. (2 Kings 19:15; Psalm 46:10)
-God’s Kingdom is unshakable and eternal, and His Kingdom is supreme to any kingdom of man. (Psalm 96:10; Psalm 103:19)
-In light of God’s supremacy, only He would have the mighty power to highly exalt anybody. (Job 5:11; 1 Samuel 1:27; Luke 1:52)
-Because the Son was crushed, because the Son humbled Himself as nobody ever could, because of the great love the Trinity shares within the Godhead, God highly exalted Christ.
2. A Supreme Exaltation
-“Highly exalted” (ὑπερύψωσεν) is the only occurrence of this Greek word, and it means “to exalt beyond measure; to elevate to the supreme level of majesty and power in the highest degree possible.
-“No One so high ever humbled themselves so low as Christ, and no one so low has ever been exalted so high as He.”—Steven J. Lawson
-In the Old Testament prophecies, Scripture foretold that the suffering Slave of Yahweh would be exalted as King over all the earth. (Isaiah 42:1; Isaiah 52:13; Isaiah 53:11)
-In the Gospels, Jesus foretold that He would ascend back into Heaven after His death and resurrection and be exalted by the Father. (Mark 14:61-62; Luke 22:69; John 20:11-18)
-Christ is exalted as the eternal God-Man, for He will eternally exalted as being the Son of God (Hebrews 1:5; 2 Peter 1:17) and the Son of Man. (Psalm 45:1-2; Acts 7:56-57)
-Jesus Christ is exalted as the only Savior for all of mankind, of whom there is no other. (Isaiah 49:6-7; Hebrews 12:1-2)
-Christ is recognized as the High Priest of our salvation, greater than any high priest that ever was. (Hebrews 4:14; Hebrews 7:26)
-Christ is exalted as being the object of man’s worship. (Matthew 28:9; Hebrews 1:6)
-Christ is exalted as King above all kings. (Isaiah 9:7; Acts 5:31; Revelation 1:5)
-Christ is exalted as Lord above all lords. (Romans 14:9; Revelation 19:6)
-Christ is exalted as the Conqueror over death (Romans 6:9; Revelation 1:18; Revelation 2:8)
-Christ is exalted as possessing supreme authority in Heaven and earth. (Matthew 28:18; Luke 10:22; John 3:35)
3. A Supreme Favor
-“Bestowed” (ἐχαρίσατο) is the same word used in Paul stating that God “grants” salvation and suffering to us.
-God alone possesses the power to bestow in a supernatural sense. (Luke 7:21; Romans 8:32)
-God alone possesses the sovereign power to bestow circumstances or blessings upon anyone for His gracious purposes. (Acts 27:23-24; 1 Corinthians 2:12)
-Christ did not grasp His supremacy when He ascended, but the God the Father lovingly granted Him supremacy over all things. (John 3:35; John 13:3; John 17:2)
-Christ did not demand His rights from the Father; rather, the Father gave them to the Son in exalting the Son beyond the glory He had before His incarnation, crucifixion, and resurrection.
4. A Supreme Name
-“Name” (ὄνομα) is not only the personal label by which someone is known, but in the Hebrew world a name was representative of the total nature and character of a person. Paul uses “name” in the same manner here.
-A name signifies not only the title of a person, but also identifies who they are. (Genesis 1:26; Genesis 2:19; 1 Corinthians 15:45)
-In the Old Testament, the Lord directly named those who He would use mightily in His plan of redemption. (Genesis 17:5; Genesis 32:28; Genesis 35:10)
-In the New Testament, Christ gives those a new name that He uses in the continuing plan of redemption. (John 1:42; Revelation 2:17; Revelation 3:12)
-Christ’s name is the only Name by which men may be saved. (Isaiah 43:1-7; Acts 4:12; Acts 10:43)
-Christ’s name is the only Name by which we have deliverance, strength, and hope. (Proverbs 18:10;
-Christ’s name is the only Name worthy of all honor and praise. (Psalm 48:10; Psalm 113:3)
-Christ’s name is that of the glorious God over all. (Psalm 68:4; Psalm 72:17-19)
-Christ’s name is that of the Holy God over all. (Psalm 145:21; Daniel 2:20)
-Christ’s name is the Name of the supremely glorious and majestic King over all. (Psalm 45:6-7; Lamentations 5:19)
-“Above every name” specifies that there are many other names that may be exalted, but the name of Jesus Christ is supremely exalted over every other name that may be named.
-Christ’s name is the only Name that is superior to every other name. (Psalm 148:13; Hebrews 1:4)
-Christ’s name is majestic above every other name. (Psalm 113:2; Revelation 1:8; Revelation 19:12)
-Christ’s name is greater than any name on earth (Jeremiah 10:6) and one day will be heralded as greater in the earth than any other name. (Malachi 1:11)

Conclusion
-“And you, who once were alienated and hostile in mind, doing evil deeds, he has now reconciled in his body of flesh by his death, in order to present you holy and blameless and above reproach before him, if indeed you continue in the faith, stable and steadfast, not shifting from the hope of the gospel that you heard, which has been proclaimed in all creation under heaven, and of which I, Paul, became a minister. Now I rejoice in my sufferings for your sake, and in my flesh I am filling up what is lacking in Christ's afflictions for the sake of his body, that is, the church, of which I became a minister according to the stewardship from God that was given to me for you, to make the word of God fully known, the mystery hidden for ages and generations but now revealed to his saints. To them God chose to make known how great among the Gentiles are the riches of the glory of this mystery, which is Christ in you, the hope of glory. Him we proclaim, warning everyone and teaching everyone with all wisdom, that we may present everyone mature in Christ. For this I toil, struggling with all his energy that he powerfully works within me.” (Colossians 1:21-29 ESV)


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Saturday, July 05, 2014

Philippians Week 22-The Humiliation of Christ

June 2, 2014

Introduction
-“And as Jesus was going up to Jerusalem, he took the twelve disciples aside, and on the way he said to them, ‘See, we are going up to Jerusalem. And the Son of Man will be delivered over to the chief priests and scribes, and they will condemn him to death and deliver him over to the Gentiles to be mocked and flogged and crucified, and he will be raised on the third day.’” (Matthew 20:17-19 ESV)

Philippians 2:8

Context
-In preaching the message of the Cross, Paul frequently encountered rage on the part of the Jews and incredulity on the part of the Greeks. “For the word of the cross is folly to those who are perishing, but to us who are being saved it is the power of God. For it is written, “I will destroy the wisdom of the wise, and the discernment of the discerning I will thwart.” Where is the one who is wise? Where is the scribe? Where is the debater of this age? Has not God made foolish the wisdom of the world? For since, in the wisdom of God, the world did not know God through wisdom, it pleased God through the folly of what we preach to save those who believe. For Jews demand signs and Greeks seek wisdom, but we preach Christ crucified, a stumbling block to Jews and folly to Gentiles, but to those who are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God and the wisdom of God.” (1 Corinthians 1:18-24 ESV)

Verse 8
And being found in human form, he humbled himself by becoming obedient to the point of death, even death on a cross.
1. A Human Appearance
-“Being found” (εὑρεθεὶς) means to be found out after having been searched for, or found out unintentionally.
-The beginning of men looking for the promised Messiah occurred in Genesis 3:15 during the rebuke of God and the judgment of the Curse upon all of humanity.
-Abraham earnestly looked forward to the day in which his promised offspring would bring salvation to the world. (Genesis 22:15-19; Galatians 3:15-16)
-Isaac was looking to the day in which the Messiah would come as the Lord had promised to Abraham. (Genesis 26:4)
-In Genesis, Jacob laid on his deathbed looking towards the promise of the coming Messiah. (Genesis 49:18) “Salvation” is the Hebrew “yeshua” (יְשׁוּעָה), which is the name Christ took on through God’s decree. (Luke 1:26-31)
-Moses looked ahead to the day in which Christ would appear in incarnate form. (Hebrews 11:23-26), and he did miraculously see Christ in his first advent. (Matthew 17:1-3)
-David looked ahead to the day in which Christ would appear on earth. (Psalm 16:8-11)
-Solomon looked ahead to the day in which Christ would appear on earth. (Psalm 72:8-11)
-At the time of Christ, two notable individuals who looked for His appearing with Anna and Simeon. (Luke 2:26-38)
-All godly men and women of Scripture looked towards the day in which Christ would appear in His human form. (Matthew 13:16-17; Luke 10:23-24)
-His first coming was foretold in Scripture and heralded by angels, but His own did not receive Him. (John 1:10-11; Isaiah 53:3)
-“Form” (σχήματι) is the Greek word schema, which signifies an outward appearance or fashion. In the Greek word, schema referred to an outward representation that was changeable.
-Paul here states that Jesus did not appear in His preincarnate glory (Isaiah 6:1-4; Daniel 10:5-9), nor as a king born in high estate (Matthew 2:1-6), but as a lowly human being in a manner not considered exemplary even in human terms. (Luke 2:4-7).
-In His human appearance, there was nothing significant or special about Him, even though He was the promised branch of David and shoot of Jesse who would be King among all the earth. (Jeremiah 23:5; Zechariah 3:8; Isaiah 53:2)
-In taking on the form of a man, Jesus took on the aspects of His humanity while not sacrificing His divinity, such as hunger (Mark 11:12), thirst (John 19:28), sleep (Matthew 8:24), and human frailty. (Luke 4:1-2)
2. A Humble Action
-“He humbled” (ἐταπείνωσεν) means to purposefully make lowly. It means to take on the position of a lower rank than before or to bow down.
-“You and I have been humbled by someone doing or saying something which has been humiliating to us. But notice that Christ “humbled himself.” This is a most difficult thing to do.
One of the finest things I ever heard about John Wesley was concerning an incident when he was about to cross a brook over which was a very narrow bridge, just wide enough for one person. As he was starting over, he met a liberal preacher of that day. This preacher swelled up and said, “I never give way to a fool.” John Wesley looked at him for a moment, smiled, and began to back off, saying, “I always do.” My friend, it is difficult to take that humble place, but it has made me think a great deal more of John Wesley. We find it difficult to humble ourselves, but our Lord humbled Himself.”—J. Vernon McGee
-The humility described here has the characteristics of putting oneself last (Matthew 18:4) as an action of the will (Luke 18:14; 2 Corinthians 11:7) when encountering dire circumstances (Philippians 4:12) in complete submission to God. (James 4:10; 1 Peter 5:6).
-No force of man can humble the almighty God. (Galatians 6:7; Job 13:9; Isaiah 40:25)
-No idol can humble the almighty God. (1 Samuel 5:1-4; Isaiah 46:5; Isaiah 40:18)
-Satan and his demons cannot humble the almighty God. (Matthew 8:28-29; Luke 4:31-35; Luke 8:26-28;
-Not even the greatest enemy of Christ the world has yet to see can humble and overthrow the almighty God. (Revelation 13:4; Revelation 19:11-21)
-Christ voluntarily humbled Himself, for He alone had the power to humble Himself. He made Himself last among men (Mark 10:43-45) by an action of His own will (John 10:17-18) in complete submission to the will of the Father. (John 4:34; John 5:19; John 6:38)
3. A Holy Obedience
-“Obedient” (ὑπήκοος) means to be totally submissive to a higher authority and to ensure that one remains in this spirit of submission.
-Obedience is motivated by love for God (John 14:15; John 14:23), which is why we have unhindered fellowship with God. (1 John 3:22-24).
-God commands our highest obedience. (Acts 5:27-29; Deuteronomy 11:1-7)
-Obedience requires us to stand fast and continue to be faithful. (Proverbs 3:1-2; 2 Kings 18:5-6)
-Obedience is done by submitting our lives to the revelation of Scripture. (Psalm 119:30; Psalm 119:44)
-True obedience can only be done through the transforming power of the Holy Spirit. (Psalm 143:10; Ephesians 5:9)
-God tests mankind to see if they are obedient to Him. (1 Chronicles 28:9; Jeremiah 17:10; 2 Corinthians 2:9)
-Jesus took upon Himself the experience of learning obedience through what He suffered. (Hebrews 5:8; Isaiah 50:5)
-Jesus was led by the Holy Spirit in obeying the Father (Isaiah 42:1; Matthew 3:16-18; Luke 4:18)
-Jesus was always obedient to the Father, even in the darkest moments of the journey to the Cross. (Matthew 26:39-42; Hebrews 5:7; Psalm 22:24)
-Jesus was tested as no man ever was, and He withstood every test perfectly. (Matthew 4:7-11; Luke 22:27-28; Hebrews 4:15)
-Jesus Christ demonstrated His complete obedience to Scripture, being the very Word of God Himself. (Matthew 26:24; Matthew 26:54; Mark 14:49)
-Through His example of perfect obedience to the Father, Christ demonstrated His supreme worthiness as God’s Son. (John 14:31; Hebrews 3:1-6)
-The result of Christ’s perfect obedience is that we have been imputed with His perfect righteousness which brings us unshakable salvation. (Hebrews 10:5-10)
4. A Heinous Enemy
-“Death” (θανάτου) is the point at which the soul is separated from the human body when human life no longer exists.
-Death entered the world through Adam’s sin. (Genesis 2:15-17; Genesis 3:19; Romans 5:12)
-We incurred Adam’s sinned nature, so every single one of us is held captive to the verdict of the death penalty for falling short of God’s glory. (Romans 5:18-19; Romans 6:21-23; 1 Corinthians 15:22)
-All of Creation and humanity suffers from death, as sin affects every living thing. (Ephesians 2:3; Romans 8:19-22)
-Death produces great pain, many tears, broken lives, wounded hearts, shattered hopes, and bleeding losses. (2 Samuel 1:12; 1 Kings 14:18; Matthew 2:18)
-Death may be instantaneous and relatively painless. (2 Kings 22:18-20)
-Death may also be slow and extremely painful. (2 Chronicles 21:19)
-Death and judgment are certain for every man, for they are inescapable. (Hebrews 9:27; 2 Corinthians 5:10; Revelation 20:11-13)
-Death is the ultimate enemy to be destroyed. (1 Corinthians 15:26)
-God cannot die, so God became incarnate so that His human body could die. (Deuteronomy 33:27; Isaiah 26:4; Isaiah 57:15)
-Christ willingly subjected Himself to experience that which had entered the world through sin, even though He is entirely sinless. (John 10:14-15; Romans 6:4)
-Sin must be paid for with blood, which requires the death of someone or something. (Leviticus 17:11; Hebrews 9:22)
-Christ took on the punishment of death by taking on our sin, out of His great love for us. (John 15:13; Romans 5:8; 1 John 4:10)
5. A Horrifying End
-The “cross” (σταυροῦ) was the most horrifying instrument of torture that had evolved from various methods of tortuous death from various nations in antiquity.
-Impaling was a frequent practice to put men to death in the Persian Empire. (Esther 7:10) Eventually, under Darius 1, the practice of crucifixion developed as a more painful and cruel means to put the despised criminals and slaves to death in a slow, excruciating fashion. He allegedly crucified 3,000 men at one time. Alexander the Great frequently used crucifixion as a means to put people to death, as did the Carthaginians.
-During the period of Hellenization during the time between the Testaments, crucifixion was introduced as the supreme death penalty in Palestine. It was the most dreaded form of Roman torture, for it was the most painful death possible. Later, the phrase excrucio was developed in Latin in order to describe the agony of this manner of death. Prior to this, a sufficient word did not exist in order to describe the utter agony and horrendous pain of crucifixion. The English word excruciating comes from excrucio.
-During the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 A.D., the streets of Jerusalem were lined with the crucified Jews. During the persecution of the early church, Roman emperors added another dimension to the cruelty of crucifixion: they set men and women on fire as they hung in horrendous anguish on the cross.
-Under Constantine in 337 A.D., crucifixion was eradicated as a form of the death penalty in order to honor the manner in which Christ died.
-In the land of the Hebrews, being hanged on a tree was a sign of God’s curse. (Deuteronomy 21:23)
-Not only did Christ experience the basest and lowest of deaths that would decry every level of humane treatment of any human, much less God the Son in incarnate form, He died as the only innocent Man ever to live. (Isaiah 53:9; Luke 23:39-41)
-Christ experienced the slander of false accusations (Mark 14:56-59), the brutal whipping of the soldiers (John 19:1), the pride of the Romans (John 19:11), the hatred of the chief priests (Matthew 27:17-18), the treachery of the people (Luke 23:21), the mockery of the sinful (Luke 22:63-65), and the full weight of God’s wrath for the sin imputed to His account (Romans 3:23-26)   

Conclusion
-“For to this you have been called, because Christ also suffered for you, leaving you an example, so that you might follow in his steps. He committed no sin, neither was deceit found in his mouth. When he was reviled, he did not revile in return; when he suffered, he did not threaten, but continued entrusting himself to him who judges justly. He himself bore our sins in his body on the tree, that we might die to sin and live to righteousness. By his wounds you have been healed. For you were straying like sheep, but have now returned to the Shepherd and Overseer of your souls.” (1 Peter 2:21-25 ESV)


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