Wednesday, October 15, 2014

Philippians Week 31-The Testimony of Timothy

October 15, 2014

Introduction

-“Therefore when we could bear it no longer, we were willing to be left behind at Athens alone, and we sent Timothy, our brother and God's coworker in the gospel of Christ, to establish and exhort you in your faith, that no one be moved by these afflictions. For you yourselves know that we are destined for this. For when we were with you, we kept telling you beforehand that we were to suffer affliction, just as it has come to pass, and just as you know. For this reason, when I could bear it no longer, I sent to learn about your faith, for fear that somehow the tempter had tempted you and our labor would be in vain.” (1 Thessalonians 3:1-5 ESV)

Context
-During the system of Roman trials in place during Paul’s day, defendants were summoned to appear before the court through due process. The praetor heard the preliminary hearing, and then proceeded with the four parts of a trial.
-The first part of a trial consisted of the plaintiff selecting a judge, the second part consisted of the plaintiff pressing his claims, the third part consisted of the judge rendering a verdict, and then the full trial would commence.
-A full Roman trial consisted of a public court being held, and the judge hearing oral arguments and reading written arguments until the court session ended, where he would render a verdict. At that point, the defendant and plaintiff could either accept the verdict, or pursue other options to try to get a different sentence.

Verse 22
But you know Timothy’s proven worth, how as a son with a father he has served with me in the gospel.
1. The Christian Worth

-“But you know” specifies that the Philippians already knew of Timothy and his character. Paul declared that Timothy’s testimony was public, as is the nature of all Christian testimony.
-Paul declared that Timothy was known already to the Philippians, for Timothy and the church at Philippi first met during Paul’s journey there. (Acts 16:1-11)
-The Philippians knew that Timothy had no guile in him, in contrast to those Paul had previously mentioned. (Philippians 1:15-17; Philippians 2:19-21)
-Scripture calls men and women of God to be public testimonies for Christ. (Matthew 5:14-16; Philippians 2:14-15)
-Scripture calls men and women of God to be without deceit and guile. (Jeremiah 9:5; John 1:47; Colossians 3:9)
-Scripture calls men and women to know and honor those who have been examples of faith in Christ. (1 Thessalonians 5:12; Philippians 2:29; 1 Timothy 5:17)
-“Proven worth” (δοκιμὴν) refers to the testing of a person’s character through suffering and adversity and hardship. It referred to the testing of precious metals in the fire. It is directly related to the phrase “work out” that Paul uses in verse 12 of chapter 2.
-To be of proven worthiness means to be tested by suffering. (Job 23:10; 1 Peter 1:7)
-To be of proven worthiness means to be tested by disparaging criticism. (Psalm 3:6; John 8:48-59)
-To be of proven worthiness means to be tested through the working out of one’s sanctification. (Lamentations 3:40; 1 Corinthians 9:27; 2 Corinthians 13:5)
-To be of proven worthiness means to have proof of one’s faithfulness to the Lord. (Psalm 26:5-7; 2 Corinthians 8:1-2)
-Timothy had already accompanied the apostle Paul during times of suffering. (Acts 16:16-24)
-Timothy had already accompanied the apostle Paul during times of confrontations with disparaging unbelief. (Acts 17:1-5; Acts 19:21-29)
-Timothy had already demonstrated how he was working out his sanctification. (Philippians 2:20; 1 Thessalonians 3:2)
-Timothy had already demonstrated his faithfulness to his Lord. (Romans 16:21; 1 Corinthians 16:10; 2 Timothy 3:15)
2. The Christian Son
-Paul described his relationship with Timothy “as a son with a father.”
-Timothy had no father that personally invested in his life, according to Scriptural accounts.
-Paul frequently referred to Timothy as his beloved son in the faith. (1 Corinthians 4:17; 1 Timothy 1:2; 2 Timothy 2:2)
-The love of a son for a father is to look to his father for guidance (John 4:34; John 6:38), and Timothy did so with Paul.
-The love of a son for a father is to look to his father for wisdom (Proverbs 4:20; Proverbs 5:1), and Timothy did so with Paul.
-The love of a son for a father moves the son to win his father’s commendation (John 17:5-6), and Timothy had Paul’s commendation.
-The love of a son for a father is to do his father’s business (Luke 2:49; John 8:29; John 9:4), and Timothy constantly helped Paul conduct his ministry. (Philippians 1:1-2; Colossians 1:1; 1 Thessalonians 1:1)
-The love of a father is that to care for his children’s souls (Genesis 18:19; Ephesians 6:4), and Paul likewise cared for Timothy’s soul. (1 Timothy 1:19-20; 1 Timothy 3:14-15)
-The love of a father is to instruct his children (Deuteronomy 4:9; Deuteronomy 11:29; Proverbs 22:6), and likewise Paul devoted much instruction to Timothy.
-The love of a father is to speak well of his son (Isaiah 42:1; Matthew 12:18), and Paul frequently spoke well of Timothy.
-The love of a father is to ensure that his son continues secure in the mission God has given to him, and Paul did so with Timothy.
-The example of Paul and Timothy mirrored the example of Jesus Christ and God the Father. (Matthew 3:17; John 3:35; John 5:20)
-We have been made sons of God through the Son of God. (Galatians 3:26; John 1:12; Romans 8:14)
-We enjoy the benefits of being heirs with Christ in the Kingdom that the Father has given to His Son. (Romans 8:17; Daniel 7:13-14; Luke 12:32)
3. The Christian Service
-“He has served” (ἐδούλευσεν) means to give over the prerogatives of personal authority and autonomy in order to serve a higher cause.
-To serve another means to surrender one’s own personal desires and aspirations in order to serve a greater cause. (Ruth 1:16; James 4:7)
-To serve another is to minister to another’s needs. (Philippians 2:25; 2 Timothy 1:16)
-To serve another is to be ready and willing to follow orders, as a soldier would with his commander. (Isaiah 30:21; John 8:47; John 10:27)
-To serve another means to be devoted to another. (Romans 12:10-13; Hebrews 13:1)
-To serve another means to be determined in achieving the goals of the person being served.  (Psalm 40:8; Psalm 123:2)
-Timothy helped minister to the needs of the apostle Paul. (2 Timothy 4:9; 2 Timothy 4:21)
-Timothy was ready and willing to do the bidding of Paul, for they both served the Lord Jesus Christ. (Joshua 24:15; 1 Timothy 1:12)
-Timothy was devoted to the apostolic ministry Paul had in the early church. (2 Timothy 3:10)
-Timothy was determined to meet Paul’s goals in ministry. (Hebrews 13:23)
-“In the gospel” specifies what Paul and Timothy served together in.
-Paul and Timothy both served the Lord, for they both had been called by God to serve Him. ( )
-The Gospel message made both of the men brothers in the Lord, as well as a son and father in the faith. (Romans 7:4; Galatians 5:13)
-The Gospel message (Romans 1:16-17) was the message that would withstand the political unrest (Psalm 2:1; Acts 4:25-26), rampant unbelief (Acts 17:16-21; Acts 28:23-24), and fierce persecution (Acts 16:22-24; Acts 20:1-3) that accompanied Paul and Timothy throughout their journeys together.
-Paul throughout his life preached the Gospel (Acts 14:14; Ephesians 6:19), and this was in obedience to the call God had placed on his life. (Acts 13:4-5; Acts 18:9-10)
-Timothy throughout his life preached the Gospel, for the Lord had called him to this task through the charge of the apostle Paul. (2 Timothy 4:1-2)

Verse 23
I hope therefore to send him just as soon as I see how it will go with me,
1. The Christian Action

-“I hope therefore” indicates that Paul was frequently hopeful in the Lord throughout this time in his life.
-We are called to hope in God, for God has the power to deliver us from the hand of the enemy. (2 Kings 17:39; Psalm 107:2; Psalm 143:9)
-We are called to hope in God, for God has the power to keep our souls secure until the day of Christ. (Romans 16:25-27; Jude 1:24-25)
-We are called to hope in God, for God alone has the power to sanctify us through His Spirit. (1 Thessalonians 5:23; 2 Thessalonians 2:13)
-We are called to hope in God, for Jesus Christ has given us the words of Life. (John 17:4-8)
-We are called to hope in the Lamb of God, for the Father has called us (John 6:44; John 6:65), the Son has redeemed us (Galatians 3:13-14; 2 Corinthians 5:21), the Spirit has sanctified us (1 Corinthians 6:11; Hebrews 13:12), and Jesus Christ will be victorious in establishing His Kingdom reign. (Revelation 17:14)
-Paul hoped in the Spirit that he would be delivered from harm. (Philippians 1:19-20)
-Paul hoped that Christ would keep His soul secure into bringing Him into His Kingdom. (2 Timothy 4:18)
-Paul hoped in God, for the Spirit was making all things new in his life. (John 3:3; 2 Corinthians 5:17)
-Paul hoped in God, because Christ had entrusted him with the words of life. (Acts 9:15-17; 1 Corinthians 11:23)
-“To send him” repeats the statement of Paul in verse 19.
-Whenever God commissioned men in Scripture to speak His Word, He always sent them to particular people. (Isaiah 6:8-9; Ezekiel 3:1-4; Matthew 28:18-20)
-The distance between Rome and Philippi was approximately 800 miles, and it would take one to two months for Timothy to reach the Philippians through land and sea travel. Timothy, commissioned by Paul, would now be sent to speak the Word of God to the Philippians.
2. The Christian Patience
-Throughout the letter to the Philippians, Paul was waiting for final judgment to be rendered on his case, as he says here with “just as soon as I see how it will go with me.”
-Scripture teaches that we are to wait for the Lord during times of trial and uncertainty. (Psalm 27:14; Psalm 33:18-21)
-Scripture teaches us to wait for the Lord during times of oppression and persecution. (Deuteronomy 23:39; Psalm 40:1)
-Scripture teaches us to wait for the Lord because the Lord is faithful to His promises. (Psalm 18:30; Psalm 25:3)
-Scripture teaches us to wait for the Lord because the Lord’s word stands forever. (Psalm 119:74; Psalm 130:5)
-Scripture teaches us to wait for the Lord because the Lord will be faithful to deliver us. (Psalm 37:34; Isaiah 25:9)
-Paul had now been waiting for several years at this point, as he first was captured by angry Jews in Jerusalem on false charges (Acts 21:27-28), on trial multiple times (Acts 23:1; Acts 24:1; Acts 26:1-2), and now was in house arrest in Rome.
-Paul’s life had been attempted more than once during this ordeal of waiting to see what would result. (Acts 21:31; Acts 22:22; Acts 23:12)
-Paul had implicit trust in the promises of God during his life. (Romans 15:8-9; 2 Corinthians 1:20)
-Paul had the faith that God would deliver Him from all eternal harm. (Isaiah 49:7; 1 Corinthians 1:9)
-During this period of uncertainty, Timothy’s testimony served as a source of joy for the apostle Paul.

Verse 24
and I trust in the Lord that shortly I myself will come also.
1. The Christian Trust

-“Trust” (πέποιθα) means to be fully persuaded that God is working out all things according to His own will. It has the connotations of complete confidence, unyielding trust, and unshakable hope. It is in the perfect tense, meaning Paul had already come to trust in the past, which had ongoing affects in his future.
-To trust means to place your confidence in the capability of an individual. (Psalm 20:7; Psalm 33:17)
-To trust means to place your assured expectation in the words of an individual. (Psalm 119:42; Psalm 143:8)
-To trust means to place your future in the power of an individual. (Isaiah 31:1; Psalm 118:8)
-To trust means to pass the point of no return in terms of placing your confidence in an individual. (Judges 6: Nehemiah 4:12-14)
-To trust means to plan for an expected outcome based on the persona of an individual. (2 Kings 18:21; Psalm 31:14)
-“In the Lord” specifies the Person of Paul’s object of trust.
-Scripture repeatedly encourages God’s people to trust in the Lord. (Psalm 37:5-6; Proverbs 3:5-6)
-The Lord holds our future secure in His hands, for He knows us and loves us. (Isaiah 46:10; 1 Chronicles 16:34)
-We place our hopes and our expectations into the hands of the Lord Jesus, for God works all things together for good. (Nahum 1:7; Romans 8:28)
-We must give our complete confidence to the Lord (Psalm 141:8), for the Lord is the only One who has the divine nature and supreme power to accomplish His Word (Isaiah 14:24; Isaiah 16:10), and the human nature to sympathize with us in our weaknesses. (Hebrews 2:18; Hebrews 4:15)
2. The Christian Reunion
-Paul’s trust in the Lord moved him to plan for action, for he trusted that “shortly I myself will come also.”
-Paul’s trust in the Lord would not be shaken if he was not released, for he had already expressed that his trust was based in the person of Christ, not the circumstances of Paul. (Philippians 1:19-26)
-The apostles frequently expressed that they wanted very much to be reunited with those whom they were discipling. (1 Thessalonians 2:17; 1 Thessalonians 3:10)
-No greater joy can be had in the life of believers than to be reunited with our brothers and sisters in the faith as we await the return of our Lord. (John 3:29; 2 John 1:12)
-We also await the return of our Lord with eagerness and hope. (Philippians 3:20; Revelation 22:7)
-One day, we will be reunited with Christ and we will see Him face to face. (Revelation 22:20)

Conclusion
-“For what thanksgiving can we return to God for you, for all the joy that we feel for your sake before our God, as we pray most earnestly night and day that we may see you face to face and supply what is lacking in your faith? Now may our God and Father himself, and our Lord Jesus, direct our way to you, and may the Lord make you increase and abound in love for one another and for all, as we do for you, so that he may establish your hearts blameless in holiness before our God and Father, at the coming of our Lord Jesus with all his saints.” (1 Thessalonians 3:9-13 ESV)


Handout
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Thursday, October 09, 2014

Philippians Week 30-The Concern of Timothy

October 8, 2014

Introduction
-“How beautiful upon the mountains are the feet of him who brings good news, who publishes peace, who brings good news of happiness, who publishes salvation, who says to Zion, “Your God reigns.” (Isaiah 52:7)

Context
-The Romans constructed an impressive system of roads throughout the Roman Empire. The Romans surveyed the land, built stone-paved roads with drainage ditches. These roads led to much easier travel for travelers, businessmen, and armies throughout the Empire. The missionaries of the early church would have been much assisted in travelling by taking these roads.
-The Romans had many vehicles for travelling. Chariots, horseback, carriages, carts, and foot traffic comprised the most common forms of land travel. It would have been through these means that Paul and the other apostles would have traveled throughout the Roman Empire by land.
-Philippi itself lay on the Egnation Road, for those travelling by land. For those travelling by sea, Philippi was 9 miles northwest of Neapolis, which served as the seaport for the region.

Philippians 2:19-21

Verse 19
I hope in the Lord Jesus to send Timothy to you soon, so that I too may be cheered by news of you.

1. The Christian Hope

-“I hope” (Ἐλπίζω) means to anticipate with expectation.
-Paul now purposed to offer a word of encouragement to the Philippians against the backdrop of presenting the theme of the joyful sacrifices of salvation.
-To hope means to have an expectation of a certain result. (Luke 6:34; Luke 23:8; Acts 24:26)
-To hope means to place certain trust in the object of the hope. (Psalm 146:3; Jeremiah 17:5)
-By the very nature of hope, men rejoice in what they perceive to be the reliable security of their deliverance. (Isaiah 36:6; Luke 12:19-21)
-Those who hope in their own wisdom or might or resources or desires will come to painfully understand that reliable and secure hope does not rest in these things. (Proverbs 11:7; Jeremiah 9:23-24)
-“In the Lord Jesus” specifies the object and foundation of the apostle’s hope.
-In Scripture, the Old Testament saints frequently expressed repeated hope in the Lord. (Psalm 39:7; Psalm 71:1-6)
-To hope in the Lord means to trust the Lord’s providence in the midst of our circumstances. (Psalm 43; Psalm 71:1-6)
-To hope in the Lord produces a spirit of joyful expectation and anticipation. (Psalm 71:14; Proverbs 10:28)
-Paul hoped in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ (Matthew 12:21), for Christ had redeemed him (Colossians 1:25-28), and this hope caused him to persevere (Romans 5:3-5) even in the face of death itself (2 Corinthians 1:8-11; Philippians 1:20) as he spoke boldly about Jesus Christ. (2 Corinthians 3:11-18)
2. The Christian Messenger
-Paul’s hope prompted him into action, and the action was to send Timothy to the Philippians for their progress and joy in the faith.
-Paul most likely encountered Timothy in Acts 14, where he and Barnabas were thought as incarnate gods (Acts 14:8-11). They immediately denied this, and the crowd turned on them because of the Jews and had Paul stoned to the point of death. (Acts 14:19) But afterwards, Paul miraculously recovered and continued to strengthen the church by preaching the Gospel (v. 21), strengthening the disciples (v. 22), and appointing elders for them in the churches. (v. 23)
-Timothy came to Christ through the teaching of the apostle Paul (1 Corinthians 4:17, 1 Timothy 1:2, 1 Timothy 1:8).
-Timothy was both Jew and Gentile by birth, and his mother and grandmother had faithfully taught him the Old Testament Scriptures since his youth. (2 Timothy 1:5; 2 Timothy 3:15)
-Paul dearly loved Timothy as his son in the faith (1 Timothy 1:2; 2 Timothy 1:2; Romans 16:21), and he invested a great deal of his life and ministry into Timothy.
-Paul introduced Timothy in the letter in the greeting, for Timothy was currently with him in Rome at the time. (Philippians 1:1-2)
-Timothy had accompanied Paul into Corinth (Acts 18:5), and had been sent by Paul into the Macedonian region (Acts 1922).
-Timothy had helped Paul write Romans (Romans 16:21), 2 Corinthians (2 Corinthians 1:1), Colossians (Colossians 1:1), 1 and 2 Thessalonians (1 Thessalonians 1:1; 2 Thessalonians 1:1), Philippians (Philippians 1:1), Colossians (1:1), and Philemon (Philemon 1:1), where he most likely served as Paul’s secretary to write his words down.
3. The Christian Congregation
-“I too may be cheered” (κἀγὼ εὐψυχῶ) specified Paul’s motivation in sending Timothy to the Philippians.
-Paul had founded the church at Philippi when Luke, Timothy, and Silas accompanied him. (Acts 16:11-15) The congregation at Philippi had now existed for approximately 10-12 years at this point.
-The Philippians had already suffered at this point, and their suffering was affecting their financial wellbeing. (2 Corinthians 8:1-4)
-Just as Paul was giving the Philippians news of himself (Philippians 1:12-18), so he earnestly desired to hear news of them, for he constantly remembered them (Philippians 1:3), prayed joyfully for them (v. 4), held them all dear to his heart (v. 7), for they would be completed by the work of Christ (v. 6) through the fruits of righteousness He gave to them (v. 10).
-Paul would have desired to hear news that the Philippians were unified in mind and purpose (Philippians 2:1-2), avoiding selfish motivations (v. 3), and considering others better than themselves (v. 4) He would have desired that the Philippians were looking to the example of Christ, who while being God did not count equality within the Godhead something to be seized by force (v. 5), and emptied Himself of the manifest display of His glory and His Kingly prerogatives in Heaven (v. 6), and took on the form of a humble human being (v. 7), who was obedient to the Father’s will by dying on the Cross (v. 8) Therefore, the Father has so exalted the Son that Jesus Christ is known as the Lord God who is above all other names (v. 9), so that all men and powers will bow their knee to Him and confess that He is Lord to the Father’s glory. (v 10-11).
-The news that Paul also would have desired to hear would be that the Philippians were working out their salvation (Philippians 2:12), as God was supremely and sufficiently sanctifying them (v. 13), so that they might abstain from grumbling and disputing (v. 14), as they walked blamelessly in the world (v. 15) while they held fast to the word of life (v. 16).

Verse 20
For I have no one like him, who will be genuinely concerned for your welfare.

1. The Christian Testimony

-The NASB includes the phrase “of kindred spirit”, while the KJV includes the term “likeminded”. “Likeminded” (ἰσόψυχον) literally means “equal in soul”, and denotes the idea of having the same purpose of mind and the same resolve in spirit.
-Paul now clarifies why he was sending Timothy in particular to the Philippians, so that they might know of him who was sent to them. Paul had many individuals who partnered with him in the faith, such as Barnabas, Silas, Luke, Titus, Epaphroditus, Philemon, but he upheld Timothy as the supreme example of service.
-During the writing of Philippians, Luke was present the entire time in Rome. (Acts 28:30-31)
-Paul held forth Timothy as the foremost example of his partners in ministry, for Timothy had already ministered in Corinth (1 Corinthians 4:17) and Thessalonica (1 Thessalonians 3:2), and would later serve in Ephesus (1 Timothy 1:3-4).
-To have a kindred spirit with an individual is to be allied with that individual in the same allegiances. (1 Kings 20:32-33)
-To have a kindred spirit with an individual is to have the same object of worship and devotion as that individual. (Ruth 1:16-17)
-To have a kindred spirit with an individual is to have the same vision in life as that individual. (Psalm 71:10-11; Matthew 27:1)
-To have a kindred spirit with an individual is to share the bond of brotherhood with those who are fellow laborers in the Lord’s harvest. (Psalm 133:1; Hebrews 13:1)
-Timothy was a kindred spirit of Paul because he and Paul both served the Lord Jesus Christ (Proverbs 17:17; Philippians 1:1).
-Timothy was a kindred spirit of Paul because they had the same allegiance to the same Lord. (Psalm 28:7; Philippians 2:9-11)
-Timothy was a kindred spirit of Paul because he had been given the same vision as did Paul. (Isaiah 43:9-11; Matthew 28:16-20)
-Timothy was a kindred spirit of Paul because Paul served as his spiritual father. (1 Corinthians 4:16-17)
2. The Christian Concern
-“Genuinely” (γνησίως) means to be genuine, to be honorable, to be sincere, and to be truthful. It literally means to be legitimately born.
-To be honorable means to be of sound character. (Proverbs 22:1; Ecclesiastes 7:1)
-To be honorable means to evidence the fruits of redemption before men. (Matthew 7:16; John 15:8)
-To be honorable means to be earnestly striving to be worthy of God’s calling. (Philippians 1:27; Ephesians 4:1)
-To be sincere means to have transparent motivations. (2 Corinthians 8:8; Ephesians 6:24)
-To be sincere means to be without hidden deceptions in character. (2 Corinthians 5:11; 1 Thessalonians 2:3)
-To be sincere means to be a model of good works to other believers. (Titus 2:7; 1 Timothy 4:12)
-To be truthful means to handle the Word of God with complete fidelity. (2 Corinthians 4:2)
-To be truthful means to be courageous in standing for Christ. (Philippians 1:28; Colossians 1:23; Ephesians 6:11)
-To be truthful means to tell the truth. (Psalm 25:5; John 8:31-32)
-“Concerned” (μεριμνήσει) most often has the negative context of distraction and anxiety in Scripture, but here it refers to the thoughtful care that looks out for someone or something. Paul specifies that it is the “welfare” of the Philippians Timothy was carefully and thoughtfully looking to.
-To be concerned biblically means to be caring to those whom have been entrusted to you. (John 21:17; 1 Peter 5:2)
-To be concerned properly means to be able to guide believers in the ways of the Lord. (Proverbs 11:3; Luke 1:3)
-To be concerned means to be able to wisely assess the current spiritual state of things. (1 Chronicles 12:32)
-To be concerned means to be able to be able to offer needed correction. (Galatians 6:1; 2 Timothy 2:25)
-To be concerned means to be a preacher of sound doctrine. (Titus 1:9; 2 Timothy 1:13)

Verse 21
For they all seek their own interests, not those of Jesus Christ.

1. The Christian Challenge

-“Seek” (ζητοῦσιν) here means to strive after a goal.
-To seek means to devote one’s focus to achieve a particular aim. (Psalm 78:34; Isaiah 26:9)
-To seek means to desire an object in one’s view. (Deuteronomy 4:29; Micah 2:2)
-To seek means to demand that one reach the mark sought for. (1 Kings 21:6-7; 1 Chronicles 16:11du)
-To seek after self-interests means to seek self-glorification. (John 7:18)
-To seek after self-interests is to draw attention to oneself and away from the Savior. (Philippians 1:17; Isaiah 29:13)
-To seek after self-interests is to strive after personal gain rather than seeking Christ. (Psalm 127:1; Psalm 9:10)
-To seek after self-interests is to make living for oneself the highest form of gain. (1 Corinthians 15:32)
-Paul had already expressed the challenge of living with people who only sought their own interests. (Philippians 1:18)
-Men who live for themselves have no thought for the welfare of others. (1 Timothy 5:8)
2. The Christian Focus
-Paul stated that to be pursuing one’s own interests were to be running from the interests of Christ. Paul upheld Timothy as a man who could care for the Philippians welfare, because Timothy was single-mindedly focused on the Lord’s interests.
-The Lord’s interests are that His people be zealous for good works. (Titus 2:14; Hebrews 9:14)
-The Lord’s interests are that His people stay strong in the midst of suffering. (Psalm 119:25; 2 Timothy 2:3)
-The Lord’s interests are that His people hope joyfully in Him. (Psalm 147:11; 1 Peter 1:3-6)
-The Lord’s interests are that His people be unified together. (Philippians 2:2; Colossians 3:14)
-The Lord’s interests are that His people proclaim the message of the Gospel to all nations. (Mark 16:15; Acts 10:42)
-The Lord’s interests are that His people renew their minds through the Word of life. (John 8:12; James 4:8)
-The Lord’s interests are that His people proclaim His Lordship in all the kingdoms of the earth. (Colossians 1:18; Revelation 19:16)


Conclusion
-“Oh give thanks to the LORD; call upon his name; make known his deeds among the peoples! Sing to him, sing praises to him; tell of all his wondrous works! Glory in his holy name; let the hearts of those who seek the LORD rejoice! Seek the LORD and his strength; seek his presence continually! Remember the wondrous works that he has done, his miracles, and the judgments he uttered, O offspring of Abraham, his servant, children of Jacob, his chosen ones!” (Psalm 105:1-6 ESV)


Handout
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Thursday, October 02, 2014

Philippians Week 29-The Joyful Sacrifices of Salvation

October 1, 2014

Introduction

-“I myself am satisfied about you, my brothers, that you yourselves are full of goodness, filled with all knowledge and able to instruct one another. I myself am satisfied about you, my brothers, that you yourselves are full of goodness, filled with all knowledge and able to instruct one another. But on some points I have written to you very boldly by way of reminder, because of the grace given me by God to be a minister of Christ Jesus to the Gentiles in the priestly service of the gospel of God, so that the offering of the Gentiles may be acceptable, sanctified by the Holy Spirit.” (Romans 15:14-16)



Philippians 2:17-18

Context
-Paul suffered much for the sake of Christ, and his epistle to the Philippians speaks to the power of the Gospel in the supremacy of Jesus Christ as Lord in the context of joy in the midst of suffering. He was suffering uncertainty in whether he would live or die, he was suffering separation from the fellowship of those whom he dearly loved in the faith, and he was suffering the dissensions among the brothers envious in Rome about his growing recognition.
-Paul’s assertions in many places would indeed bring suffering upon himself and upon others, for confessing Jesus Christ as Lord would ultimately bring death to those who had received grace from God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

Verse 17
Even if I am to be poured out as a drink offering upon the sacrificial offering of your faith, I am glad and rejoice with you all.

1. The Offering of Faith

-“I am to be poured out” (σπένδομαι) is a present indicative, describing a continuous state of being poured out.
-The first drink offering occurring in biblical history was Jacob’s drink offering in Genesis 35:9-15.
-God prescribed the daily mode of a drink offering in the Mosaic Covenant at Mount Sinai. (Exodus 29:39-41)
-The drink offering was to be offered by pouring out wine (Hosea 9:4) on top of a burnt offering. (Numbers 15:4-5)
-A lamb sacrifice required about one quart of wine for the drink offering (Numbers 15:4-5), a ram sacrifice required 1.5 quarts (Numbers 15:6), and a bull required 2 quarts. (Numbers 15:10)
-The drink offering was only to be offered using sanctified utensils made of pure gold (Exodus 37:16), and they were to be stored atop the table of the Bread of the Presence. (Numbers 4:7)
-Drink offerings were made to false gods in the days of the Israelites (Jeremiah 7:18; Jeremiah 19:13; Jeremiah 32:29), and they were also being made to the Greco-Roman gods of Paul’s day, as drink offerings were commonly prescribed in pagan sacrifices in the Roman world.
-The drink offerings prescribed in Scripture pointed to the day when the ultimate drink offering would be poured out for the forgiveness of sins. (Exodus 24:8; Luke 22:20; Jeremiah 31:31)
-In order for Paul to use the metaphor of a drink offering for his sacrificial service, he had to be set apart as holy by the Lord for His service. (Titus 2:11-14; Romans 1:1-7)
-Paul’s drink offering for the church was the devotion of his life in order to disciple others. (1 Corinthians 15:10; 2 Corinthians 11:22-30)

2. The Sacrifice of Faith
-“Sacrificial” (θυσίᾳ) is translated by the ESV as an adjective, and properly means to be a sacrifice ordained by God and therefore accepted by him. Other translations render this in the noun form.
-A sacrifice involved bringing an animal sacrifice and offering it before God as an acceptable act of worship (Genesis 31:54; Genesis 46:1; Exodus 10:25; or substitutionary atonement (Exodus 12:26-28)
-A sacrifice could only properly be performed by the priests of God (Leviticus 14:19-20), and only the prescribed sacrifices could be offered (Exodus 12:5; Leviticus 23:18-19).
-A sacrifice was to be public (1 Kings 8:4-5; 2 Chronicles 1:6) with full preparation (Leviticus 1:3-9) in full accord with the prescriptions of God as to the nature of the service acceptable to Him (Leviticus 5:10).
-Our service to the Lord is to be done in full accord with His prescribed will. (1 Peter 2:5)
-These sacrifices in the Old Testament were foreshadowing the sacrifice of the Lamb of God for the atonement of our sins. (1 Corinthians 5:7; 1 Peter 1:18-19)
-“Offering” (λειτουργίᾳ) refers to the service of the priests in the Old Covenant in offering sacrifices to God. It also is rendered “service” by other translations. Leitourgia is where “liturgy” is derived.
-The Old Covenant priests of Levi were to sacrifice offerings to the Lord as their acceptable service. (Hebrews 5:1; Hebrews 10:11)
-In the New Covenant, God has made all believers a kingdom of priests (Revelation 1:6; Revelation 5:10) to serve Jesus Christ, our Great High Priest. (Hebrews 4:14-16)
-The response to the sacrifice of Christ is to offer up a sacrificial offering of worship before Him as the Lamb of God. (Revelation 5:8-13; Romans 12:1-2)
-Our service for God is to work out our salvation with fear and trembling (Philippians 2:12-13), to be blameless and innocent in the world (Philippians 2:14-15), and to hold to the word of life of salvation (Philippians 2:16).

3. The Gladness of Paul
-“Glad” (χαίρω) is the idea of being joyful in the grace of God. It is a present indicative, describing Paul’s present state of mind.
-In the nation of Israel, the people were exceedingly glad when they beheld their king. (1 Kings 1:38-40; 1 Chronicles 29:22; 2 Kings 11:12)
-The people of Israel gladly offered sacrifices in response to the dedication of the Lord’s work. (Nehemiah 12:43)
-Scripture tells us to be exceedingly glad in beholding the King of all kings (Psalm 149:1-2) and God of gods. (Joel 2:23)
-The Scripture also tells us to be exceedingly glad in holding to the words of life from God. “They that fear thee will be glad when they see me; because I have hoped in thy word.” (Psalm 119:74 KJV)
-Paul suffered much anguish in his life, such as false accusations (Acts 16:20), beatings (Acts 16; 21) imprisonments (Acts 16:23-24), rejection (2 Timothy 4:9-10), and anxiety (2 Corinthians 11:28).
-Paul was glad in the midst of the anguish he faced in his circumstances and uncertainties. (Philippians 1:18-19)
-Paul was glad in the midst of his sacrificial ministry because he had been dedicated for the Lord’s work. (Acts 9:15; 1 Corinthians 3:5; 1 Timothy 1:12)
-Paul was glad in the midst of suffering because he beheld Christ as King (1 Timothy 6:15) and Savior (1 Timothy 1:15; 2 Timothy 1:10) and Lord (Romans 10:11; Romans 14:9).
-Paul was glad because he held fast to the words of Scripture and the words the Lord had given him to proclaim. (Acts 28:30-31; Philippians 1:12-13; 2 Timothy 4:17)

4. The Joyfulness of Paul
-“Rejoice” (συνχαίρω) entails celebrating the grace and power of God collectively with believers, hence “…rejoice with you all.” It is a present indicative, describing Paul’s present state of action.
-Scripture speaks of the joy of those who have been delivered from all evil. (Psalm 14:7; Psalm 21:1; Psalm 35:9)
-Scripture speaks of the joy of those who have been shown the grace of God. (Habakkuk 3:18; Acts 11:22-24)
-Scripture speaks of the joy of those who saw the mighty deeds of the Lord. (Psalm 92:4; Psalm 104:31; Psalm 126:3)
-Scripture speaks of the joy of those who declared the glory of the Lord. (Psalm 28:7; Psalm 33:20-21; Psalm 105:3)
-Scripture speaks of the joy of those who have fellowship with the people of God as they look to the Lord. (Psalm 118:24-29)
-Paul rejoiced in his salvation. (Ephesians 1:15-21)
-Paul rejoiced in the grace of God working powerfully in his life. (2 Corinthians 12:9)
-Paul rejoiced in the proclamation of Christ Jesus as Lord. (Philippians 1:18)
-Paul rejoiced in the fellowship he had with dearly beloved believers. (Philippians 1:3-4)
-Paul rejoiced at the churches being faithful to the word of life. (Philippians 1:25)
-Paul rejoiced in hearing of the spiritual growth of his children in the faith. (Romans 16:19)

Verse 18
Likewise you also should be glad and rejoice with me.
1. The Charge to Obey

-“Likewise” (αὐτὸ) is in the Greek manuscripts, as translated by the ESV. The phrase “I urge you” is not in the Greek manuscripts, but is rendered in some translations for clarity. Also, the phrase “in the same way” is not in the Greek manuscripts, but was inserted by some translators for emphasis.
-Paul now turned his attention to the Philippians by urging them to follow his example, just as he had done elsewhere. (Philippians 1:26; Philippians 1:29-30; Philippians 3:14-17)
-The apostle Paul wrote of his personal circumstances not only to update the Philippians about his life, but also to serve as an encouraging means of exhortation.
-Scripture gives examples of men and women of the faith so that we may walk faithfully in the faith once for all delivered to the saints. (Hebrews 11:32-39; Jude 1:3)
-Scripture exhorts those working out their salvation with fear and trembling to be look to the word of life as they are obedient to it. (Isaiah 66:1-2; Romans 15:4-7) “My flesh trembles in fear of you; I stand in awe of your laws. I have done what is righteous and just; do not leave me to my oppressors.” (Psalm 119:120-121 NIV)
-Scripture exhorts those proclaiming the Lord to stand firm in the day of assault of unbelieving criticism. (Deuteronomy 32:3; Psalm 42:10-11; Psalm 34:22)
-Scripture exhorts those suffering for the Lord to look to the Lord as they walk as He walked. (John 15:20-21; Revelation 2:1-3)
-Scripture exhorts us to obey the Lord as a rightful sacrifice of worship in response to His glory. (Jeremiah 33:10-11; Isaiah 57:18-19; Hebrews 13:15)
-Scripture points us to the one who was obedient to the point of death—even death on a cross. (Philippians 2:8; Hebrews 5:8; John 6:38)
-Scripture exhorts us to keep the Lord Jesus Christ always before us as we run our race with perseverance. (Hebrews 12:1-3)

2. The Call to Joy
-Following his example, Paul called the Philippians to be joyful in their behavior, just as he was.
-Scripture speaks of the honor that is rightfully due those who labor in the Word for others. (1 Corinthians 9:11; Galatians 6:6; 1 Thessalonians 5:12)
-Scripture speaks of the joy of those who have been redeemed. (Isaiah 35:10; Isaiah 51:11)
-Scripture speaks of the joy of those who have been given the words of life. (Jeremiah 15:16; Mark 4:16; Acts 17:11)
-Scripture speaks of the joy of those walking faithfully in the ways of the Lord. (Psalm 19:8; Psalm 119:46-47; Psalm 32:11)
-Scripture speaks of the joy of those who are suffering for righteousness. (Romans 5:3; James 1:2)
-Scripture speaks of the joy of those proclaiming the Lord as the name above all names. (Psalm 119:46; Matthew 10:18)
-The Philippians sought to honor Paul as their spiritual father and apostle of God. (Philippians 4:10; Philippians 4:14)
-The Philippians had received the joy of being saved by the grace of God. (Philippians 1:1-2)
-The Philippians had been given the words of life, for the Holy Spirit had revealed the word to them through Paul. (Philippians 2:16)
-The Philippians had been walking faithfully in the ways of the Lord. (Philippians 2:13)
-The Philippians were suffering for the sake of righteousness. (Philippians 1:29-30)
-The Philippians were called to proclaim Christ as Lord above all other names. (Philippians 2:9-11)
3. The Rejoicing of All
-Scriptures speaks of those who rejoice at their great salvation. (Psalm 13:5)
-Scripture speaks of those who rejoice at hearing the words of life. (Nehemiah 12:43)
-Scripture speaks of those who rejoice in the victory of the Lord over darkness. (Psalm 118:15)
-Scripture speaks of those who rejoice at the sustaining power of God in the midst of suffering. (Matthew 5:12; 1 Peter 1:6)
-The Philippians were to rejoice in hearing that the Lord was triumphing over darkness. (Philippians 1:12-14), for the Scripture promises that the Lord will triumph over His foes. (Revelation 17:14)
-Paul encouraged the Philippians by urging them to constantly rejoice. (Philippians 3:1; Philippians 4:1)
-“With me” speaks of the shared fellowship between Paul and the Philippians.
-There is great joy between those who walk together in the Name of Christ. (Psalm 126:3; Isaiah 25:9)


Conclusion
-“Through him then let us continually offer up a sacrifice of praise to God, that is, the fruit of lips that acknowledge his name. Do not neglect to do good and to share what you have, for such sacrifices are pleasing to God. Obey your leaders and submit to them, for they are keeping watch over your souls, as those who will have to give an account. Let them do this with joy and not with groaning, for that would be of no advantage to you. Pray for us, for we are sure that we have a clear conscience, desiring to act honorably in all things. I urge you the more earnestly to do this in order that I may be restored to you the sooner. Now may the God of peace who brought again from the dead our Lord Jesus, the great shepherd of the sheep, by the blood of the eternal covenant, equip you with everything good that you may do his will, working in us that which is pleasing in his sight, through Jesus Christ, to whom be glory forever and ever. Amen.” (Hebrews 13:15-21 ESV)


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Thursday, September 25, 2014

Philippians Week 28-The Word of Life of Salvation

September 24, 2014

Introduction

-“It is the Spirit who gives life; the flesh is no help at all. The words that I have spoken to you are spirit and life. But there are some of you who do not believe.” (For Jesus knew from the beginning who those were who did not believe, and who it was who would betray him.) And he said, “This is why I told you that no one can come to me unless it is granted him by the Father.” After this many of his disciples turned back and no longer walked with him. So Jesus said to the Twelve, “Do you want to go away as well?” Simon Peter answered him, “Lord, to whom shall we go? You have the words of eternal life, and we have believed, and have come to know, that you are the Holy One of God.” (John 6:63-69 ESV)

Philippians 2:16

Context

-In Paul’s declaration of Christ’s Lordship over Heaven and earth for all eternity as the divine King over all creation, he made a statement that only Jesus Christ was truly King, truly Lord, and truly God over all. In Roman culture, the cults of emperor worship had reached a height to where the early church was severely persecuted for not confessing Caesar as Lord. Also, the Jews would have immediately recognized that Paul labelled Jesus to be Yahweh reigning over all.
-Paul applied his Christology to the Philippians by instructing them to work out their salvation with fear and trembling, as it was God alone who was sovereign and sufficient in their sanctification. This necessarily led him to instruct them not to grumble or dispute, in order that they might strive to blameless and innocent as they already were and would assuredly be through the work of Christ and the Spirit, for they were God’s shining examples of salvation in the world.

Verse 16
holding fast to the word of life, so that in the day of Christ I may be proud that I did not run in vain or labor in vain.

1. The Stand in Christ
-“Holding fast” (ἐπέχοντες) can also be translated as “holding forth” in the idea of extending or proclaiming that which is held fast to.
-The ESV, NASB, HCSB, ISV, and NKJV translate this Greek verb as “holding fast.”
-Holding fast is done by directing one’s focus to the things of God’s Kingdom (Isaiah 9:7; Luke 1:32-33; Psalm 145:13; Daniel 7:27) and to persevere in living life as a citizen of Christ’s Kingdom. (1 Corinthians 4:20; 2 Peter 1:11)
-In the beginning of the church, the apostles frequently held fast to the word they were to hold forth to others. (Acts 4:13-20; Acts 4:29-31)
-Paul, throughout his ministry, held fast to his purpose that God the Son had given to him. (Acts 13:45-46; Acts 14:3; Ephesians 6:19)
-Holding fast in the Christian faith can only be made possible by being children of God who have been made blameless and spotless.
-Holding fast in the Christian faith will necessarily invoke disgust and criticism from unbelievers.
-Holding fast in the Christian faith necessitates a knowledge in who Jesus Christ is (Ephesians 1:18-23; Titus 2:13; 2 Peter 1:1) and what He has done (2 Corinthians 4:6; Hebrews 1:3), is doing (Ephesians 3:14-21), and will do for us (2 Timothy 4:18).
-Holding fast in holding forth will bring suffering for the sake of the name of Christ. (Acts 5:40-42; Acts 9:15-16; Acts 14:21-22)
-Holding fast will bring joy, as the apostle Paul encouraged the churches regarding this. (2 Corinthians 1:24; Colossians 1:9-11)
-The King James Version, American Standard Version, English Revised Version, and Young’s Literal Translation state this verb as “holding forth.” Some think that Paul may have had in mind the towers atop which fires burned to mark the entrances to each harbor: they were shining examples of holding forth light.
-To hold forth the Christian faith is to proclaim the message of the Gospel to all men. (Acts 3:19-23; Colossians 1:28)
-To hold forth the Christian faith means to be an example of the Gospel to all men. (Philippians 1:27; Ephesians 4:1)
-To hold forth the Christian faith means to defend the message of the Gospel to all men. (Philippians 1:7; Acts 17:1-3; Acts 18:4; Jude 1:3)
2. The Word of Christ
-“Word” (λόγον) is logos.
-The “Word” can refer specifically to the message of the Gospel, as the apostles proclaimed this word. (Matthew 10:7; Acts 15:7;
-The Word encompasses the entirety of the Scriptures, as Paul also uses it in his letters. (Psalm 119:160; 2 Timothy 3:14; 2 Timothy 4:2)
-The Word contains the very words breathed out by the mouth of God. (Psalm 17:4; 2 Timothy 3:16-17)
-The Word of God testifies to the grace of God (Acts 20:24; Acts 20:32; Acts 26:16-18) in which the Philippians stood (Philippians 1:1) and in which all believers stand in Christ. (Romans 5:1-2; 1 Corinthians 15:1; Hebrews 10:19-21)
-The Word is the Word of righteousness (Hebrews 5:13; Psalm 111:7-9), to which Paul declared the Philippians eternally were and therefore were to strive to be. (Philippians 1:9-11; Philippians 2:14-15)
-The Word of God is the very word of the Lord (Psalm 33:4-6; Jeremiah 31:10; Luke 11:28), who Paul and the apostles declared to be the Lord Jesus Christ. (Acts 2:36; Acts 10:36; Philippians 2:9-11)
-The Word of God is the word of the cross (1 Corinthians 1:18), which Paul and others declared was the instrument whereby Christ died a humiliating death. (Philippians 2:8; Hebrews 12:1-2)
-The Word is indeed the Word of the living God (Psalm 42:2)—the living God Jesus Christ who has conquered sin and death. (Matthew 16:16; Revelation 1:17-18)
-All the Scriptures point to the Son of God (Luke 22:44; Luke 24:27; John 5:46), for He is the divine Word. (John 1:1-3)
-“Life” (ζωῆς) here refers to a genuine and rigorous life.
-By hearing the Word of the Gospel, we receive everlasting life. (John 6:63; John 6:68; Acts 5:19-20)
-The Word of life invigorates and restores us. (Psalm 119:25; Psalm 119:37; Psalm 119:167)
-The Word of life sustains us for all of time and eternity. (Psalm 55:22; Colossians 1:17; Hebrews 1:3)
-The Word of life renews us to be genuine followers of the Lord. (Deuteronomy 13:4; Deuteronomy 27:10; Deuteronomy 28:1)
-The Word of life is the message that we are to proclaim to others. (Romans 10:8-15)
-Jesus Christ is the Word of God whereby we have life eternal. (Psalm 85:9; Isaiah 56:1; John 1:14)
3. The Day of Christ
-“Day of Christ” refers to the appearing of Christ to believers to bring them to their eternal reward.
-The “day of the Lord” refers to the Lord’s second return and worldwide judgment against unbelievers (Isaiah 24:21-22; Zephaniah 4:14-18; Isaiah 13:9-11; Revelation 6:15-17), while the “day of Christ” refers to the Lord’s second coming and eternal blessing of His children.
-The “day of the Lord” terminology is unique to the apostle Paul. (1 Corinthians 1:8; 1 Corinthians 5:5; Philippians 1:6; Philippians 1:25)
-Jesus promised that He will reward us for all our work and sacrifices done in His name. (2 Timothy 4:6-8)
-It was the person of Christ and His reward that all the saints looked to in Scripture. (John 8:56; Hebrews 11:13; Hebrews 11:26)
-“Proud” (καύχημα) can either be negative or positive based on the object of boasting. It means to be exulting in the glory of something or someone and to be rejoicing in a quality, event, object, or individual. It has the idea of holding one’s head high.
-Paul’s admonition here was a prohibition against grumbling and disputing, in order that he as the spiritual father of the Philippians would be proud of them in the last day.
-Scripture declares that when people glory in themselves, they have an empty glory. (Philippians 2:3; Galatians 5:26)
-The glory of one’s own work and achievement is empty of any real value if pursued for one’s own self-glorification. (Jeremiah 9:23-24)
-In Scripture, we are to glory in the cross of Christ and in who He is, just as Paul did. (1 Corinthians 1:31; Galatians 6:14)
-Christ is glorious (Hebrews 1:3; Psalm 24:8), majestic (Revelation 1:12-16), supremely powerful (Matthew 28:18), and victorious over all (Revelation 17:14).
-Christ’s work is sufficient and powerful, for He is mighty in strength and wisdom. (1 John 1:7-9; Psalm 147:5; Isaiah 40:28)
-Christ is to receive all the glory of our boasting of His work in our lives and the lives of others. (2 Corinthians 10:17)
-As Paul declared, it is a great joy to know that those whom God has worked in through us will be our crown and joy in the day of Christ. (2 Corinthians 1:13-14; 1 Thessalonians 2:19-20)
4. The Race for Christ
-“I did not run” (οὐκ ἔδραμον) means to run like an athlete—to run speedily and with full intensity towards a particular goal. It was also used to refer to a warrior running toward an enemy in battle.
-To run means to run with a specific purpose towards a particular object. (Matthew 27:48; Mark 5:6-7; Luke 15:20)
-Paul ran so that he might win his reward in the day of Christ. (Philippians 3:14; 1 Corinthians 9:24-27)
-As Paul did with the Philippians, so we must purposefully invest in the lives of others. (Philippians 1:25; Romans 1:11-12; Acts 14:22)
-As Paul did, so we must work intensely to invest in the lives of fellow believers for their joy in the faith. (John 9:4; 1 Thessalonians 2:9; 2 Thessalonians 3:8)
-As Paul did, so we must work with the vision of growing people in the word of God for their spiritual growth. (Proverbs 16:20)
-As Paul did, so must we recognize that we must live with the purpose and direction of a warrior running towards the enemy in the day of battle. (1 Timothy 18; 1 Timothy 6:12)
-As Scripture declares, so we must look to Christ and to the Father as we run the race marked out for us. (Hebrews 12:1-2)
-“Vain” (κενὸν) means to be fruitless and to have produced no effect.
-The rejection of the Gospel caused the apostle Paul to wonder if his efforts were in vain. (Galatians 2:2)
-Paul warns backsliding churches to watch well how they collectively run the race of Christ. (Galatians 1:6; Galatians 5:7)
-Paul’s hope for his reward was in Christ (2 Timothy 1:12; 2 Timothy 4:7-8), but he called his spiritual children to bear fruit in keeping with their salvation (Titus 2:11-15), just as Christ does (John 15:7-8).
5. The Labor for Christ
-“Labor” (ἐκοπίασα) here means to work as a teacher in preaching and proclaiming the King and His Kingdom.
-Paul labored very hard in the work of the Lord by the grace of God. (1 Corinthians 15:10-11;
-Paul’s labor in the Kingdom brought him great danger, many times at the threat of his life. (2 Corinthians 6:4-10; 2 Corinthians 11:23)         
-Paul declared that believers need to acknowledge and honor those who work in the labor of the word for their benefit. (Philippians 2:29-30; 1 Thessalonians 5:12)
-We are to hold fast to the word of life, for our labor is not in vain. (1 Corinthians 15:58; Galatians 6:9; Psalm 90:16-17)
-We need to abound in the work of the Lord as we hold fast to His Word. (Matthew 9:38; Luke 10:2; John 4:35)
-“Vain” specifies that Paul exhorted the Philippians not to empty his work of grace in their lives.
-Paul encouraged the Philippians to hold fast so that his labor would not be devoid of fruit. He had full assurance that they would not fail to produce fruit, for he had full faith that Jesus Christ would give them the grace to hold fast. (Philippians 1:6)

Conclusion
-“Therefore do not be ashamed of the testimony about our Lord, nor of me his prisoner, but share in suffering for the gospel by the power of God, who saved us and called us to a holy calling, not because of our works but because of his own purpose and grace, which he gave us in Christ Jesus before the ages began, and which now has been manifested through the appearing of our Savior Christ Jesus, who abolished death and brought life and immortality to light through the gospel, for which I was appointed a preacher and apostle and teacher, which is why I suffer as I do. But I am not ashamed, for I know whom I have believed, and I am convinced that he is able to guard until that Day what has been entrusted to me. Follow the pattern of the sound words that you have heard from me, in the faith and love that are in Christ Jesus. By the Holy Spirit who dwells within us, guard the good deposit entrusted to you.” (2 Timothy 1:8-14 ESV)


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